June 22, 2024

Advancing Digital Growth

Pioneering Technological Innovation

The fusion of digital banking and FinTech is reshaping the competitive landscape of India’s financial sector

3 min read

Nitin Chugh, Deputy Managing Director & Head of Digital Banking & Transformation, SBI believes that the evolving relationship between digital banking and FinTech is reshaping India’s financial milieu, facilitating remarkable innovation and change

How do you define the dynamic interplay between digital banking and FinTech, and what are some key examples of how they are rewriting the rules of the financial industry?

In today’s rapidly evolving panorama, the financial sector in India is witnessing a profound metamorphosis, driven by the convergence of digital banking and financial technology (FinTech). This synergy is reshaping conventional banking practices and paving the way for innovative solutions that cater to the evolving needs of Indian consumers and businesses alike. Understanding the Dynamics 

Digital banking encompasses a myriad of online and mobile banking services proffered by traditional financial institutions. Conversely, FinTech signifies technological innovations that augment and automate the delivery of financial services. The interplay between these two forces is characterised by a symbiotic relationship, wherein digital banking harnesses FinTech solutions to streamline operations and enhance customer experiences. 

Key Examples of Disruption Mobile Payments and Wallets: 

The ascent of mobile payments facilitated by FinTech companies has revolutionised how Indian individuals execute transactions. These service providers have garnered widespread adoption, enabling users to execute secure and convenient payments using their smartphones. Robo-Advisors: FinTech firms have introduced robo-advisors, automated investment platforms powered by algorithms and artificial intelligence. These platforms provide personalised investment advice and portfolio management services at a fraction of the cost of traditional financial advisors, democratising access to wealth management for Indian investors. Block chain and Cryptocurrencies: Blockchain technology, the foundational technology behind cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum, harbors the potential to revolutionise various facets of banking and finance in India. From decentralised finance (DeFi) applications to cross-border payments, blockchain confers augmented transparency, security, and efficiency in financial transactions, addressing specific challenges faced by the Indian financial industry. Digital-first Banks: Digital-only banks have challenged the hegemony of traditional brick-and-mortar institutions in India. These banks operate exclusively online, offering lower fees, higher interest rates, and intuitive digital interfaces tailored to Indian consumer preferences. Instances include YONO SBI and others, which resonate with tech-savvy Indian consumers seeking hassle-free banking experiences. 

Impact on the Indian Financial Industry 

The amalgamation of digital banking and FinTech is reshaping the competitive terrain of the Indian financial industry. Conventional banks in India are grappling with mounting pressure to innovate and adapt to shifting consumer preferences, while FinTech startups are disrupting entrenched business paradigms. This dynamic milieu has engendered collaboration and partnerships between incumbents and disruptors, as both factions recognise the value of capitalising on each other’s strengths to cater to the unique needs of the Indian market. 

Challenges and Opportunities 

Whilst the convergence of digital banking and FinTech heralds myriad opportunities for innovation and expansion in India, it also begets challenges for regulators, policymakers, and industry stakeholders. Regulatory compliance, cybersecurity vulnerabilities, and data privacy concerns remain focal points of concern, necessitating a tailored approach to address the specific nuances of the Indian financial ecosystem. Furthermore, ensuring financial inclusivity and mitigating disparities in access to technology-driven financial services are imperatives for fostering inclusive growth and economic development across India. 


The dynamic interplay between digital banking and FinTech is redefining the financial landscape in India, catalysing unprecedented innovation and transformation. From mobile payments and robot advisors to blockchain and digital-only banks, the convergence of these forces is rewriting the rules of the Indian financial industry. As stakeholders navigate this evolving terrain, collaboration, innovation, and a steadfast commitment to customer-centric solutions tailored to the Indian context will be pivotal for thriving in the digital epoch.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of ET Edge Insights, its management, or its members


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